First Congregational Church
(United Church of Christ)
Greg Briggs,
Interim Pastor

101 State Street
Charlevoix, MI 49720


November 18th, 2018 – Sermon

11/18/18   by Pastor Greg Briggs   (Audio version is at the bottom of this post)

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. Is this a time for Apocalypse or Thanksgiving?
    3. How much time do you set aside to give thanks on Thanksgiving?
  2. Hannah’s prayer
    1. Prayer of thanksgiving,
      1. Hannah a woman who was barren is able to bear a son
        1. Not just any son, but one she dedicates to serve God, who will anoint David, the king of Israel
      2. Radical prayer for her time, that the distant God who created the universe cares about us minute humans in our suffering
      3. and First hint of Advent
        1. Prelude to Mary’s Magnificat – her praise for God during pregnancy
        2. Mary – another miraculous birth, another son who will serve God
          1. Song of praise is similar
        3. Mark Notes
          1. Jesus, delighting in destruction?
            1. Reminder to not be distracted by grand things
            2. Not about preservation or destruction of things, but ushering in God’s kingdom
  • Described by Hannah as “The Lord makes poor, gives wealth, brings low, but also lifts up high! God raises the poor from the dust, lifts up the needy from the garbage pile. God sits them with officials, gives them the seat of honor!”
  1. What does grandness matter, if there is suffering, poverty?
    1. inequality
  2. That last line – Pangs and Throes, but of what?
    1. 8 – death throes or birth pangs?
      1. Differences in translation
      2. ὠδίνōdín, o-deen’; akin to G3601; a pang or throe, especially of childbirth:—pain, sorrow, travail.
  1. Difference in perspective – is this the end, or the next step
  1. Big A and little a apocalypse
    1. What is apocalypse?
      1. Even choosing the definition shows a bias
      2. End of the world or
  • Drastic reordering of the world
  1. First apocalypse on earth, the first microorganisms that released oxygen –
    1. Oxygen, essential for our life, lethal to what came before
  2. The temple did fall
    1. As did the Roman Empire
    2. As did many other societies in between
  3. Hard times now
    1. Hard yes. Harder than what?
    2. Will Smith “Things aren’t worse now. Things are just being captured on video now.”
  • “me too” movement is about uncovering now what has been going on for so long.
  1. Hard to hear, yes. For those suffering, the suffering and the silence has been worse.
  1. Even when things are getting worse, it is because things are coming out into the open
  1. Another point of view
    1. But not in the long view – Extreme poverty
      1. From
      2. “In 1820, the vast majority of people lived in extreme poverty and only a tiny elite enjoyed higher standards of living. Economic growth over the last 200 years completely transformed our world, with poverty falling continuously over the last two centuries. This is even more remarkable when we consider that the population increased 7-fold over the same time. In a world without economic growth, an increase in the population would result in less and less income for everyone. A 7-fold increase in the world population would be potentially enough to drive everyone into extreme poverty. Yet, the exact opposite happened. In a time of unprecedented population growth, we managed to lift more and more people out of poverty.”
  • Since 1820 – majority of our country’s life – civil war, two world wars, women gaining the right to vote, ending of slavery –
  1. “44% of the world population lived in absolute poverty in 1981. Since then, the share of poor people in the world has declined very fast—in fact, faster than ever before in world history. In 32 years, the share of people living in extreme poverty was divided by 4, reaching levels below 11% in 2013. Although the World Bank estimates for 2015 are not yet available, the projections suggest that the incidence of extreme poverty has fallen below 10% for that year.”
  2. Since 1981 – essentially my living lifetime – (1981 when they started a new survey method)
  3. Hannah said “The Lord makes poor, gives wealth, brings low, but also lifts up high! God raises the poor from the dust, lifts up the needy from the garbage pile. God sits them with officials, gives them the seat of honor!”
  1. Chrysalis conversation
    1. What does metamorphosis look like to the caterpillar? Death
    2. What does metamorphosis look like to the butterfly? Birth
    3. What does metamorphosis look like in the middle? One hot, sticky mess
  2. Point of view
    1. Times are hard, things are not going to be easier or nicer, at least on the national level, anytime soon.
      1. Yet, it is still up to each of us to choose what we focus on, and how we interpret what is going on.
      2. We can choose to continue to not listen, or we can work on getting ourselves into a better place to bear this load
    2. Don’t let hatred, fear, anger, control you. When you can, edit the sources of hatred and fear out of your life. When you can’t – transform yourself instead. Remember, Love casts out fear
  3. Love Casts out fear Appreciative Inquiry
    1. Not “finding a silver lining” in every cloud
      1. Which is finding a bit of good in the bad
    2. Or “blowing sunshine”
      1. Which is inserting false or shallow positivism to gloss over negativity
    3. Spiritual and mental reorientation
      1. Most common phrase in the Bible? “Do not be afraid”
        1. Don’t let fear rule you
      2. 1 John 4 16-18 “God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in them. 17 This is how love is made complete among us so that we will have confidence on the day of judgment: In this world we are like Jesus. 18 There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.”
  • 1 John 4:1 “Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.”
  1. Appreciative Inquiry
    1. Technique that we will be using in the next few months of this interim time
    2. Putting our focus on what has gone right, not what has gone wrong
    3. Foreshadowing in Advent Conspiracy – remembering what makes the holidays and Christmas truly meaningful – memories, not gifts. Caring for others.
  2. Thanksgiving? Now?
    1. But let’s not jump ahead yet. First up is Thanksgiving. Not a perfect holiday, in it’s history or often time in the family issues and strains that often come up. Not to mention the almost obligatory over eating
    2. Use this as a time to Practice “love casting out fear” – it is a time for us to pause, and reflect on what we are thankful for. A time of remembrance and gratitude
    3. Carve out (ha! Pun!) some time to be thankful.
      1. Maybe look at the table as it is being set, or at those you are helping to feed, whether your family, or friends, or volunteering in the community
    4. Setting your intention for the upcoming holiday season
      1. If you are feeling particularly stressed out, suffering, exhausted, remember, this is why we crave a Saviour and have been given one.
      2. Engage in Thankfulness when you can.
      3. Keep in mind Advent
        1. Hope, Love, Joy, Peace
        2. Modern – Advent Conspiracy – worship fully, buy less, give more, love all
  • Advent calendars, readings and actions. Build in a daily practice of coming back to what’s important, to finding peace in the chaos instead of letting chaos disrupt your peace
  1. Come, pause with us on Thursdays, or find your own time and place. Remember Sabbath. The less time you feel you have time for it, the more you need it.
  1. As you put together your Christmas wish list – think beyond things
    1. Because We do need a little Christmas, right this very minute
    2. Presence over presents
  2. Remember, you aren’t in this alone
    1. Family, friends
    2. Community of faith
  • Beloved child of God – no matter what.


Readings – 1 Samuel 2 1-10

Then Hannah prayed:

“My heart rejoices in the Lord.

    My strength rises up in the Lord!

    My mouth mocks my enemies

        because I rejoice in your deliverance.

2  No one is holy like the Lord—

    no, no one except you!

    There is no rock like our God!

3  Don’t go on and on, talking so proudly,

    spouting arrogance from your mouth,

    because the Lord is the God who knows,

        and he weighs every act.

4 The bows of mighty warriors are shattered,

    but those who were stumbling now dress themselves in power!

5 Those who were filled full now sell themselves for bread,

    but the ones who were starving are now fat from food!

    The woman who was barren has birthed seven children,

        but the mother with many sons has lost them all!

6 The Lord!

    He brings death, gives life,

        takes down to the grave, and raises up!

7 The Lord!

He makes poor, gives wealth,

    brings low, but also lifts up high!

8 God raises the poor from the dust,

    lifts up the needy from the garbage pile.

    God sits them with officials,

    gives them the seat of honor!

The pillars of the earth belong to the Lord;

    he set the world on top of them!

9 God guards the feet of his faithful ones,

    but the wicked die in darkness

        because no one succeeds by strength alone.

10 The Lord!

His enemies are terrified!

        God thunders against them from heaven!

    The Lord!

    He judges the far corners of the earth!

May God give strength to his king

    and raise high the strength of his anointed one.”



Mark 13:1-8


13 As Jesus left the temple, one of his disciples said to him, “Teacher, look! What awesome stones and buildings!”

Jesus responded, “Do you see these enormous buildings? Not even one stone will be left upon another. All will be demolished.”

Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives across from the temple. Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately, “Tell us, when will these things happen? What sign will show that all these things are about to come to an end?”

Keep watch!

Jesus said, “Watch out that no one deceives you. Many people will come in my name, saying, ‘I’m the one!’ They will deceive many people. When you hear of wars and reports of wars, don’t be alarmed. These things must happen, but this isn’t the end yet. Nations and kingdoms will fight against each other, and there will be earthquakes and famines in all sorts of places.

The last line can be translated two ways

This is but the beginning of the birth pangs.              or

These things are just the beginning of the sufferings associated with the end.

 Litany of Thanksgiving


Let us give thanks to God our Parent

for all the gifts God has so freely bestowed upon us.


For the beauty and wonder of your creation,

in earth and sky and sea.
We thank you, Lord.


For all that is gracious in the lives of men and women,

revealing the image of Christ,
We thank you, Lord.


For our daily food and drink,

our homes and families, and our friends,
We thank you, Lord.


For minds to think, and hearts to love,

and hands to serve,
We thank you, Lord.


For health and strength to work,

and leisure to rest and play,
We thank you, Lord.


For the brave and courageous,

who are patient in suffering and faithful in adversity,
We thank you, Lord.


For all valiant seekers after truth, liberty, and justice,
We thank you, Lord.


For the communion of saints,

in all times and places,
We thank you, Lord.


Above all, we give you thanks

for the great mercies and promises

given to us in Christ Jesus our Lord;


To God be praise and glory, with you, O Loving Parent, your blessed son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit, now and for ever. Amen.

Listen to the audio version by clicking on the link below:

November 4th 2018 Sermon

November 4th 2018   by Pastor Greg Briggs

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. “the get out of church free card”
    3. Blacksmithing class – first class, teacher said to get away from the “only do it the way your grandpa did nostalgia” and move to “using most current techniques to accomplish your goal, because that is what your grandfathers did” –
      1. we are still blacksmithing, just using new tools
      2. drove the difference home by having us use a coal forge to make a nail, the traditional way – nasty smelling and hard work
    4. Ruth – learning how our grandmothers really did it
      1. Stating what too many of us are afraid to admit – reading the Bible can be hard
      2. After listening to our first reading from Ruth, it possibly feels like it can be hard to understand the Bible stories
        1. Time of the Judges?
          1. Those names: Elimelech, Mahlon, Chilion
        2. And who, or what, are the Ephrathites?
      3. I know it’s things like this that make some people afraid to be a lay reader
      4. and, to fully understand the impact of Ruth’s pledge to stay with Naomi, there is a lot of cultural context that needs to be explained
        1. the low status of widows, the historic tensions between Moab and Judah, and so on
      5. it can be difficult to get the impact of this passage, how Ruth and Naomi are proto-feminists, turning tradition on end to be able to live and love
      6. just waiting for the preacher to explain it all
        1. it might lead you to say, this is too convulted, can’t we just have a simple faith?
      7. Core Commandments
        1. If you can embody what Jesus says in today’s scripture, you never need to come to church again.
        2. He gets questioned by a legal expert, asked which teaching is most important
        3. Israel, listen! Our God is the one Lord, 30 and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your being, with all your mind, and with all your strength.[a]
          1. Some of the oldest teachings of Judaism
        4. The second is this, You will love your neighbor as yourself.[b] No other commandment is greater than these.”
          1. Leviticus 19:18
        5. Yet, the challenge hasn’t been in knowing what we are supposed to do, the challenge is in doing it
      8. Getting distracted by differences causes us to overlook deeper truth
        1. Setting aside the unfamiliar words, the book of Ruth is about two women from different, antagonistic cultures, fleeing from famine and seeking a safe place to live, when the rules of society are against them even being together.
          1. Bonds of devotion and love that transcend race, religion, or cultural norms
        2. It is a beautiful companion story to the Gospel reading,
          1. Spoiler alert – today’s gospel reading is really a re-teaching of core Jewish teachings.
        3. The challenge isn’t in the learning, it is in the doing
        4. The matter is quite simple. The bible is very easy to understand. But we Christians are a bunch of scheming swindlers. We pretend to be unable to understand it because we know very well that the minute we understand, we are obliged to act accordingly. Take any words in the New Testament and forget everything except pledging yourself to act accordingly. My God, you will say, if I do that my whole life will be ruined. How would I ever get on in the world? Herein lies the real place of Christian scholarship. Christian scholarship is the Church’s prodigious invention to defend itself against the Bible, to ensure that we can continue to be good Christians without the Bible coming too close. – Soren Kierkegaard
      9. Scholarship to enhance the Scriptures, not distance them
        1. Jesus’ words and Torah
          1. Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy and Leviticus
        2. Jesus recites The Shema, core of Judaism – Deuteronomy 6:4 – “Sh’ma Yis-ra-eil, A-do-nai E-lo-hei-nu, A-do-nai E-chad.”
          1. Israel, listen! Our God is the one Lord,
          2. “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God; the LORD is one” or
  • “The LORD is our God, the LORD alone.”
  1. Next verse “and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your being, with all your mind, and with all your strength”
  2. Verses immediately after the Shema
    1. Deut 6:6-9 “These words that I am commanding you today must always be on your minds. Recite them to your children. Talk about them when you are sitting around your house and when you are out and about, when you are lying down and when you are getting up. Tie them on your hand as a sign. They should be on your forehead as a symbol.[b] Write them on your house’s doorframes and on your city’s gates.”
    2. Beautiful and powerful teachings – wise thoughts to take to heart
  3. Love your neighbor comes from Leviticus, another core teaching
  4. Deuteronomical Context for Ruth
  5. Deuteronomy 23:3-4aMoabites can’t belong to the Lord’s assembly. Not even the tenth generation of such people can belong to the Lord’s assembly, as a rule, because they didn’t help you with food or water on your journey out of Egypt…”
  6. Some use scripture to determine what love means, others use love to determine what scripture means
  1. Valuing of scholarship as enhancement of faith, not a barrier to it
    1. This is part of your discernment and your upcoming pastoral search –
      1. Looking beyond education, experience
      2. Seeking spiritual grounding
    2. If you struggle with understanding the Bible, will they walk with you in gaining wisdom, or will it feed your insecurities?
  2. Scriptures as stories of liberation and victory
    1. Scripture is not for looking backwards to chastise the present, but to give us all a basis to evaluate what is going on now
    2. Foundations to build upon
    3. Reminders of what we need to protect and conserve from the past
      1. Blacksmith class – “do it the way your grandpa did nostalgia” vs. “using most current techniques (like your grandfather did) to accomplish your goal”
    4. Reminders of when we’ve triumphed over evil, sin, and adversity
  3. Scriptures and other sacred stories
    1. Need those
      1. Freeing Nelson Mandela and ending of apartheid
      2. Raising Awareness and healing of the Ozone layer
  • WW II & Civil War – struggles for equality and justice
  1. Also a reminder that what worked in one time won’t always work
    1. Used to despise Moabites, now one of our sacred ancestors
  2. Christian scholarship and unintended (or intended) consequences
    1. Hard truth, hatred has always been a part of America
      1. But it has somewhat been kept it in check, to a greater or lesser degree
      2. And we the mainstream white society, have chosen to ignore or overlook too many historic acts of violence, or expressions of hatred
    2. Anti Semitism
      1. We can’t condemn the violence without condemning the thinking that brought us there – including Christian scholarship
      2. Any theology that condemns Judiasm as a faith, contributes to hatred
        1. Historic claim “If the people back then could have followed teachings, there wouldn’t have been a need for Xity”
          1. Used to condemn Judiasm for failing in some way
          2. Ignoring how we fail as Xians, time and time again
          3. People, all people, need to be renewed in faith
        2. Christian leaders using jewish lenders to get around usury
          1. The charging of interest in lending is a sin, in Judaism, much of Christianity, and in Islam
          2. Caveat, Jewish teachings allowed charging of interest to non Jews – so Christian leaders used them so they could indirectly get interest
            1. Used to indict jewish bankers – and can hear it today in critiques of Soros
            2. Not to indict the Christian leaders then. And that blessed Christian scholarship that eventually eroded the idea of usury as a sin
          3. Can’t distill Jewish Christian relations in just a few minutes
        3. To love neighbors – Need to speak up, and reframe
          1. Liddy Barlow Executive Director of Christian Associates of Southwest Pennsylvania and a UCC Minister – speaking as the main Christian voice at an interfaith vigil in Pittsburgh,
            1. “First, to the Jewish community, when violence came to Christian sanctuaries at Mother Emanuel in Charleston, at Sutherland Springs in Texas, you stood with us. And today, with our whole hearts, we stand with you. We will cry with you. We will resist anti-Semitism and all hatred with you. And we will work with you to end violence. We will do that because you are our neighbors but more because you are our friends and, still more, because you are our family. We love you, and we are so sorry.”
            2. Any theology that isn’t based in the truth of “Neighbors, friends, and family” is a heresy
          2. Speaking out in hard times
            1. Not always about finding common ground or debating
            2. Sometimes we speak to let others know they aren’t alone
              1. So many need to hear that
              2. I need to hear that – and not just whispered to me after the sermon on Sunday
            3. Ruth and refugees
              1. Naomi and Ruth were refugees from hunger and starvation
              2. Jesus and his parents were refugees from persecution when he was a child
  • Ruth is the great grandmother of King David, and is listed in the geneaology of Jesus
    1. The chosen people of God is not from a single bloodline. And our Savior descended from a boundary crossing woman like Ruth
  1. Remember to look for Ruth, Naomi, Mary, Joseph, and Jesus in pictures and stories of modern day refugees
    1. Look beyond the fear mongering, the poor Christian nationalism, the myths of scarcity
  2. Faith Formation and Evolution
    1. Revise what I said before – even if you master these commandments, you don’t get to get out of coming to church.
    2. You just aren’t coming to heal yourself, but to be Christ in the world.
    3. Teach one another, in your truths, in your failings (last Jedi).
    4. This is all our callings as we age. Not to scoff at those who aren’t as spiritually or physically mature as we are, but to walk with them, support them, mentor them if they seek it.

Ruth 1:1-18 Common English Bible (CEB)

1 During the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. A man with his wife and two sons went from Bethlehem of Judah to dwell in the territory of Moab. The name of that man was Elimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They entered the territory of Moab and settled there.

But Elimelech, Naomi’s husband, died. Then only she was left, along with her two sons. They took wives for themselves, Moabite women; the name of the first was Orpah and the name of the second was Ruth. And they lived there for about ten years.

But both of the sons, Mahlon and Chilion, also died. Only the woman was left, without her two children and without her husband.

Then she arose along with her daughters-in-law to return from the field of Moab, because while in the territory of Moab she had heard that the Lord had paid attention to his people by providing food for them. She left the place where she had been, and her two daughters-in-law went with her. They went along the road to return to the land of Judah.

Naomi said to her daughters-in-law, “Go, turn back, each of you to the household of your mother. May the Lord deal faithfully with you, just as you have done with the dead and with me. May the Lord provide for you so that you may find security, each woman in the household of her husband.” Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept.

10 But they replied to her, “No, instead we will return with you, to your people.”

11 Naomi replied, “Turn back, my daughters. Why would you go with me? Will there again be sons in my womb, that they would be husbands for you? 12 Turn back, my daughters. Go. I am too old for a husband. If I were to say that I have hope, even if I had a husband tonight, and even more, if I were to bear sons— 13 would you wait until they grew up? Would you refrain from having a husband? No, my daughters. This is more bitter for me than for you, since the Lord’s will has come out against me.”

14 Then they lifted up their voices and wept again. Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth stayed with her. 15 Naomi said, “Look, your sister-in-law is returning to her people and to her gods. Turn back after your sister-in-law.”

16 But Ruth replied, “Don’t urge me to abandon you, to turn back from following after you. Wherever you go, I will go; and wherever you stay, I will stay. Your people will be my people, and your God will be my God. 17 Wherever you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. May the Lord do this to me and more so if even death separates me from you.” 18 When Naomi saw that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her about it.


Mark 12:28-34 Common English Bible (CEB)

28 One of the legal experts heard their dispute and saw how well Jesus answered them. He came over and asked him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?”

29 Jesus replied, “The most important one is Israel, listen! Our God is the one Lord, 30 and you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your being, with all your mind, and with all your strength.[a] 31 The second is this, You will love your neighbor as yourself.[b] No other commandment is greater than these.”

32 The legal expert said to him, “Well said, Teacher. You have truthfully said that God is one and there is no other besides him. 33 And to love God with all of the heart, a full understanding, and all of one’s strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself is much more important than all kinds of entirely burned offerings and sacrifices.”

34 When Jesus saw that he had answered with wisdom, he said to him, “You aren’t far from God’s kingdom.” After that, no one dared to ask him any more questions.


Sermon ~ October 28, 2018 ~ Pastor Greg Briggs

“Restoration, Refusal, and Reformation: finding comfort in the ashes and dust” – 10/28/18   by Pastor Greg Briggs

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. Restoration, Refusal, and Reformation: finding comfort in the ashes and dust
  2. Two scripture stories about restoration – about “being made whole again”
    1. One in a series of theological “re-“ words.
    2. To go back (or re-turn) to a previous condition
      1. Redeemer
      2. resurrection
  • reclaim
  1. reunite
  2. renew
  3. revitalize
  • rebuild
  • restore
  1. Reform
  2. Revolt “from old French, to turn around”, like revolve
  1. Job’s Re-storation
    1. Rings a bit hollow to modern ears – can’t replace the loss of a child with a new one
      1. Children viewed as property or signs of prosperity, instead of people
      2. 3 beautiful daughters, with inheritances of their own – What a catch!
        1. So wealthy even supports his daughters – progressive for then, not so much now
      3. Before he was restored, he relented. He found, if not peace, then contentment in his interaction with God
        1. “He found comfort on dust and ashes”
        2. Interesting phrase. Contentment in the midst of suffering.  Not yet knowing he’d be restored
  • Job’s weakeness was centering his argument on his own righteousness, instead of God’s
  1. Added back in two verses that were excluded from the Lectionary reading
    1. Reminder this hasn’t just been Job and God, but a series of conversations with Job and his incorrect friends
    2. Job speaking correctly and his friends called to repent and sacrifice.
  • Then Job will pray for them and “they will not be made fools of”
  1. Job and this week
    1. Yesterday – 11 Killed in Pittsburgh Synagogue Massacre – shouted anti-semitic slurs and had just hours before posted online of his hatred of a jewish refugee resettlement non profit
    2. Wednesday – Two black shoppers were shot at a Krogers in Kentucky by a white attacker, and is now being investigated as a possible hate crime. Reports are he first tried to enter a predominantly black church nearby
      1. And the fact that I had to debate whether or not to include this, wondering, is this violent enough?
    3. Also earlier this week – “the former Democratic president, vice president, attorney general, secretary of state, a Democratic congresswoman, a major Democratic donor, CNN/the former head of the CIA, and Robert De Niroall faced assassination attempts in one of the most ambitious terrorist attacks this country has ever seen.”
    4. The flip side of the Job story. We think often about unjust punishment from God, but what about justified punishment?
    5. God showed mercy to Job’s friends “won’t make fools of you”
      1. We give thanks for the Mercy of God, but so often we mainline Christians don’t like to talk about judgement for sins. I prefer to think of it as justice, as re-storation of Balance
    6. Paradox of my faith – I want to think that God welcomes all people, yet I also want to see justice for the downtrodden, which includes laying low the powerful
    7. Very aware of that paradox today.
      1. Why we should pray, not for what we want, but for what God wants.
        1. Every sermon starts off with a prayer to that end
      2. It’s dangerous when the two get confused – as we’ve seen this week
    8. Gospel of Mark and the story of Bartimaeus, the Blind Man
      1. Re-fusal – Unabashed entreaty
        1. Wouldn’t be quiet when he was told to
        2. When Jesus called for him, he threw off his cloak
      2. Asking for Mercy
      3. “What do you want me to do for you?”
        1. Jesus asked the same question in last week’s readings of James and John
        2. Compare what What he asks for, vs. James and John
          1. Mercy – relief from affliction vs.
          2. Enhanced status and reputation
          3. Jesus granted Bartimaeus’ wish
        3. “Your faith has healed you”
          1. What was that faith? Just piousness? Knowing the secret name for Jesus, son of David?
        4. I believe His faith was his loud persistence
          1. Dr. Theodore W Jennings, one of my seminary professors said about Bartimaeus
          2. “this faith is not right belief nor pious resignation to inscrutable providence . . . it is demonstrated as the refusal to be silenced, as the refusal to wait for a better time, as the refusal to wait for an appointment. It is the rude insistence that the calamity be attended to now.”
  • So what do we focus on – The rudeness, or the calamity?
    1. Also seen in Job not being silent in the face of his suffering
  1. After healing, he chose to follow Jesus, despite being invited to go on his way
  1. The Reformation – like Bartemaus
    1. Two examples of outspoken faith, Job and Bartimaeus
      1. Not quiet, not polite
    2. Neither was the Protestant Reformation, which we celebrate today
      1. Martin Luther, monk, objected to the church’s selling of indulgences to get people out of sin. Wrote his grievences, now called the 95 theses – some say he nailed them to a cathedral door, others say he sent them to his bishop
        1. Thesis 86 asks: “Why does the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of St. Peter with the money of poor believers rather than with his own money”
      2. Problem came when he re-fused to re-cant (or take back) his position
        1. As he was pushed to recant, he became more outspoken
        2. At a questioning in October of 1518, The hearings degenerated into a shouting match.
      3. Not the first person to refute Papal doctrine – but the one that seemed to set things off
        1. Largely due to new technology of the printing press, and Bible translations into reader’s native languages
      4. Rabble rouser – progressive in some ways, not as good in others –
        1. anti semitic
      5. Restoration of faith, through Reformation of Faith
        1. Every 500 years, big change in the church
          1. 400-500 CE – Christianity becomes accepted and the state religion of Rome
          2. 1060 – split between Orthodox and Roman Catholic
  • 1500’s – Protestant Reformation
  1. I believe we are at one now
    1. Shifts in Xity, new fault lines
    2. New technology of the internet and immediate knowledge and connection
    3. Discord in world and national politics and society in the last century (two world Wars, civil rights, women’s rights, the subsequent backlash, radical increases in wealth)
  2. For a time such as this – FCUCC Charlevoix and the world
    1. Not just a search for a new pastor but a call to be a re-new-ed church
      1. Job – stands up to his friends incorrect theologies, and is humbled and changed by God, though he hadn’t done anything wrong
      2. Bartemaus – refused to be silent, was given the same chance as the disciples did, he did not focus on securing his own position, but asked for mercy – after receiving it dedicated his life to God
  • Protestant Reformation – transformation from very imperfect beginnings. A challenge to all authority, including religious authority with secular powers. Use of new technology to empower people
  1. All of this, “finding Comfort in the midst of dust and ashes”
  1. Challenges to unity and Christian teachings
    1. How do you decide when being pulled in opposite directions?
      1. Stay silent to keep what you have, and lose those needing a prophetic voice
      2. Speak up, and perhaps lose some, but be speaking the Good News of the Gospel of Jesus Christ
        1. Civil war
        2. Civil rights
        3. Women as pastors
        4. Now, lgbtq, and immigrants\refugees, and climate change and the increase in geo-political uncertainty with the rise of more refugees
          1. You collect money for hurricane relief, shows direction of your hearts – but what if more emphatic action is needed?
        5. Check your leaders, civil, religious, and otherwise. If they don’t speak out about these hate crimes think about whether you should really be supporting anything they do.
      3. Congregational meeting and the interim time
        1. New leaders
        2. New questions, new challenges
        3. Prayers for Restoration, for Refusal to be silent or complicit, for Reformation, all in the redemption and reclamation of Jesus Christ


Job 42: 1-8, 10-17

Job answered the Lord:

I know you can do anything;
    no plan of yours can be opposed successfully.
You said,[a] “Who is this darkening counsel without knowledge?”
    I have indeed spoken about things I didn’t understand,
    wonders beyond my comprehension.
You said,[b] “Listen and I will speak;
    I will question you and you will inform me.”
My ears had heard about you,
    but now my eyes have seen you.
Therefore, I relent[c] and find comfort
    on dust and ashes.

After the Lord had spoken these words to Job, he said to Eliphaz from Teman, “I’m angry at you and your two friends because you haven’t spoken about me correctly as did my servant Job. So now, take seven bulls and seven rams, go to my servant Job, and prepare an entirely burned offering for yourselves. Job my servant will pray for you, and I will act favorably by not making fools of you because you didn’t speak correctly, as did my servant Job.”

10 Then the Lord changed Job’s fortune when he prayed for his friends, and the Lord doubled all Job’s earlier possessions. 11 All his brothers, sisters, and acquaintances came to him and ate food with him in his house. They comforted and consoled him concerning all the disaster the Lord had brought on him, and each one gave him a qesitah ( a sum of money) and a gold ring.

12 Then the Lord blessed Job’s latter days more than his former ones. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, one thousand yoke of oxen, and one thousand female donkeys. 13 He also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 He named one [daughter] Jemimah, (Dove) a second Keziah, (Cinnamon) and the third Keren-happuch (Eyeshadow) 15 No women in all the land were as beautiful as Job’s daughters; and their father gave an inheritance to them along with their brothers. 16 After this, Job lived 140 years and saw four generations of his children. 17 Then Job died, old and satisfied.


Mark 10:46-52

46 Jesus and his followers came into Jericho. As Jesus was leaving Jericho, together with his disciples and a sizable crowd, a blind beggar named Bartimaeus, Timaeus’ son, was sitting beside the road. 47 When he heard that Jesus of Nazareth was there, he began to shout, “Jesus, Son of David, show me mercy!” 48 Many scolded him, telling him to be quiet, but he shouted even louder, “Son of David, show me mercy!”

49 Jesus stopped and said, “Call him forward.”

They called the blind man, “Be encouraged! Get up! He’s calling you.”

50 Throwing his coat to the side, he jumped up and came to Jesus.

51 Jesus asked him, “What do you want me to do for you?”

The blind man said, “Teacher, I want to see.”

52 Jesus said, “Go, your faith has healed you.” At once he was able to see, and he began to follow Jesus on the way.

Listen to the audio version of Pastor Greg’s sermon  below:


Sermon ~ October 21, 2018 ~ Pastor Greg Briggs

sermon title – date   by Pastor Greg Briggs

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. Mysterium Tremendum et fascinans
  2. Driving by the Baptist church
    1. “beyond doubt” on their marquee
    2. I really wonder what they are talking about
    3. All about doubt, and limits
  3. Fear and Trembling
    1. Job – magnificence, power, and scope of God’s concerns
    2. Humbleness, fear, tininess
    3. Mysterium tremendum et fascinans
      1. The Tremendous and fascinating mystery of God
      2. Intentionally choosing a mouthful –
        1. Some shorten it into ‘mystical,’ or the ‘numinous’
  • I want us to have to wrestle with it, savor it like a jawbreaker candy, something to be sucked on, sweet and slow to diminish
  1. Interconnectedness, intricacy of God’s creation – limits of our perception
  1. Challenges of knowledge, and limits of human comprehension
    1. “I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use.”
      ― Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina
    2. Example of the wolves in Yellowstone, changing the flow of rivers
      2. Wolves, reduce deer population, helping trees grow, which restores habitats that encourage other animal life
  • Wolves also reduce coyote population, enabling smaller mammals to recover – including beavers
  1. All influences combine to creating a more robust watershed, reducing river erosion, restoring wetlands, further increasing biodiversity
  1. Individual vs. collective human knowledge and perception
  2. Starting to encroach on some of the things on God’s list in today’s scripture
    1. Can you issue an order to the clouds so their abundant waters cover you?
      1. Cloud seeding
    2. 35 Can you send lightning so that it goes and then says to you, “I’m here”?
      1. We can make lightning. It powers most of our technology
  • 36 Who put wisdom in remote places, or who gave understanding to a rooster?
  1. 37 Who is wise enough to count the clouds, and who can tilt heaven’s water containers, so that dust becomes mud and clods of dirt adhere?
  1. Mysterium Tremendum et Fascinans –
    1. Knowing limits of reason are even more important in this age of knowledge
      1. “your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could that they didn’t stop and think if they should” – Jurassic park
    2. The dangers of unintended consequences
      1. Environmental impacts
        1. Water pollution – all over Michigan
        2. Climate change
        3. We collectively have the impact of geologic era
        4. Essay in GRE test prep – whether technology is the solution to our woes
          1. Got harder and harder for me to grade, because the arguments got more complex for me
        5. Moving on to gospel – Mark
          1. Ah, James and John – did they get what Jesus was teaching, or not?
            1. One interpretation is that they are missing the mark about what it means for Jesus to be the messiah
            2. Another interpretation is that they understood very well, perhaps better than most, so they were trying to protect themselves
  • In either case, missed a deeper truths, “
    1. “they don’t get what they are asking,”
    2. Again, about the subversion of the world order
    3. the Human One (or son of man) didn’t come to be served but rather to serve and to give his life to liberate many people.”
  1. Extreme danger of moral certainty
    1. Societal impacts of unintended consequences
    2. Petoskey Pharmacist
      1. Theological stance is questionable
      2. CERTAINTIY and lack of trust of woman
  • Throw in a dash of toxic masculine certainty
  1. Racial profiling – who is or is not “supposed” to be in a certain location
    1. False calls to police
      1. 10/12/18 – D’Arreion Toles had police called on him by a white woman for trying to enter his own apartment building by another, white, resident
      2. April 29, 2018 Oakland Ca. police called on African American family for grilling in a BBQ area in a park, by a white person
      3. 2009 – Harvard University professor Henry Louis Gates Jr.
    2. “policing” of black behavior by white onlookers
  2. Mysterium tremendum et fascinans destroys certainty
    1. At odds with worldly culture of assuredness and never showing doubt
    2. See it in politics all the time
      1. No desire or room for compromise
    3. Theological question, “what if I’m wrong?”
      1. Harm reduction
      2. Trying to get at unintended consequences
  • Needs listening
  1. Brings us closer to Jesus’ call to serve
  1. Conclusion – That’s not the way it will be with us
    1. Here’s what Jesus has to say
    2. 43 But that’s not the way it will be with you. Whoever wants to be great among you will be your servant. 44  Whoever wants to be first among you will be the slave of all, 45  for the Human One[a] didn’t come to be served but rather to serve and to give his life to liberate many people.”
    3. Don’t be certain, don’t move beyond doubt. Move into curiosity, move into astonishment, move into caring and serving one another. The genuine will be realized, and the false and ill minded will be driven away
    4. Stop trying to preserve seats of power and privilege, like James and John or how things are in the US today.
      1. Serve and love, because we cannot know all that is going on around us.
      2. We choose to live in terror or wonder



Job 38:1-7, 34-41 Common English Bible (CEB)

38 Then the Lord answered Job from the whirlwind:

Who is this darkening counsel
    with words lacking knowledge?
Prepare yourself like a man;
    I will interrogate you, and you will respond to me.

Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundations?
    Tell me if you know.
Who set its measurements? Surely you know.
    Who stretched a measuring tape on it?
On what were its footings sunk;
    who laid its cornerstone,
    while the morning stars sang in unison
        and all the divine beings shouted?

34 Can you issue an order to the clouds
    so their abundant waters cover you?
35 Can you send lightning so that it goes
    and then says to you, “I’m here”?
36 Who put wisdom in remote places,
    or who gave understanding to a rooster?[a]
37 Who is wise enough to count the clouds,
        and who can tilt heaven’s water containers
38     so that dust becomes mud
        and clods of dirt adhere?

39 Can you hunt prey for the lion
    or fill the cravings of lion cubs?
40 They lie in their den,
    lie in ambush in their lair.
41 Who provides food for the raven
    when its young cry to God,
    move about without food?




Mark 10:35-45 Common English Bible (CEB)

35 James and John, Zebedee’s sons, came to Jesus and said, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask.”

36 “What do you want me to do for you?” he asked.

37 They said, “Allow one of us to sit on your right and the other on your left when you enter your glory.”

38 Jesus replied, “You don’t know what you’re asking! Can you drink the cup I drink or receive the baptism I receive?”

39 “We can,” they answered.

Jesus said, “You will drink the cup I drink and receive the baptism I receive, 40  but to sit at my right or left hand isn’t mine to give. It belongs to those for whom it has been prepared.”

41 Now when the other ten disciples heard about this, they became angry with James and John. 42 Jesus called them over and said, “You know that the ones who are considered the rulers by the Gentiles show off their authority over them and their high-ranking officials order them around. 43  But that’s not the way it will be with you. Whoever wants to be great among you will be your servant. 44  Whoever wants to be first among you will be the slave of all, 45  for the Human One[a] didn’t come to be served but rather to serve and to give his life to liberate many people.”


Listen to the audio version of Pastor Greg’s Sermon below:

Sermon ~ October 14, 2018 ~ Pastor Greg Briggs

“Too bad we aren’t literalists…” or “sitting-with instead of explaining-away”

10/14/18 by Pastor Greg Briggs

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. “Too bad we aren’t literalists…” or “sitting-with instead of explaining-away”
  2. Interesting lectionary scriptures for stewardship season
    1. Job – lamenting God abandoning him
    2. Jesus – saying hard things about money
      1. Give more, or scare people away?
    3. Glad you have the offering before the scriptures here.
  3. Last week’s sermon title and topic – why I’m glad we aren’t Biblical literalists and prooftexters
    1. Talked about how Job was afflicted, and Jesus talked about why divorce should be illegal.
      1. We talked about how the set up for Job’s story was to eliminate any doubt that he was a truly a man of integrity – not that God will just smite us for sport or gambling
      2. We talked about how Jesus forbidding divorce was a measure to protect the women, and the asking for divorce was to highlight the selfish and hard hearts of the men who didn’t consider the consequences of divorce for anyone but themselves – now a days, divorce is a safer option for many people, especially but not exclusively women, to escape from abuse
  • We also talked about how Jesus focused on two spirits becoming one, and that we should not separate what God brought together.
  1. So, we shouldn’t take a single phrase from the Bible literally, but we should take these stories very seriously. This is to be in covenant
  1. Yet, this passage from John so many supposedly “Biblical literalist” preachers and listeners go out of their way to avoid any sort of literal interpretation
    1. It’s not all rich people, just this guy’s problem
    2. It’s a spiritual allusion
  • Need to demonstrate willingness, not actually do it.
    1. Like Abraham being asked to sacrifice Isaac
  1. Explanations of the whole camel and eye of needle pun
    1. Eye of needle being a narrow gate into the city – difficult, but not impossible
  2. And many not Biblical literalists also seek to neuter these assertions, too


  1. Question asked and responded to in love not confrontation
    1. A big difference between last week’s question and this weeks
    2. Not the pharisses trying to trip Jesus up, but a genuine question from a seeker
    3. Jesus’ dialogue with the man
      1. Look at the commandments
        1. One added that’s not in the 10
      2. Jesus’ response “Jesus looked at him carefully and loved him”
      3. Apostles followed up later, and Jesus said the same thing
      4. Then who can be saved? No one
        1. With God, all things are possible
      5. Then Jesus emphasizes the sacrifice the disciples have made, leaving family, parents, behind for the sake of the good news
      6. Will gain 100 fold
    4. Why so scary?
      1. Challenges so many of the assumptions we have, both back then, and now in our American capitalist society where we treasure the idea that we are get a fair and equal chance to make a go of it. Pull us up by our bootstraps
      2. So, what if this passage is literally true?
    5. Psychology of Money
      1. TEDx talk – Psychologist Paul Piff, does money make you mean?
        1. Rigged game of Monopoly – over 100 pairs of strangers, flip of a coin to determine who gets advantage
          1. 2x money, got twice as much money for passing go, and got to roll two dice to move around the board
          2. Watched for 15 minutes
          3. They knew it was rigged
        2. Noticeable differences rich player
          1. Moved around board louder
          2. More likely to see signs of dominance and power
          3. Bowl of pretzels – consumption rate – rich ate more
          4. Became ruder to other player
          5. At the end, rich players attributed their success what they’d done, and earned their successes, not the flip of the coin that got them into that position first
  • Compassion and empathy decrease with rise in wealth, with increase in self interest and entitlement go up.
    1. Richer more likely to moralize their behavior – greed is good – the pursuit of self interest is favorable and moral
  1. UC Berkley – How Money Changes the Way You Think and Feel
    1. More money, less empathy
    2. Wealth can cloud moral judgement
  • Wealth has been linked with addiction
  1. Money itself can become addictive
  2. Wealthy children may be more troubled
  3. We tend to perceive the wealthy as “evil”
  • Money can’t buy happiness or love
    1. After basic needs are cared for 50k to 75k a year.
  1. Create moral justification for their success and behavior.
  1. Anxiety
    1. The flipside of this, is the increased fear, or anxiety, of losing what one has
    2. Not just about the money or not, but also the mindset
      1. Americans all act like we are soon to be millionaires
    3. Myth of the zero sum game
      1. Not an economist, but one of the fundamentals of money is, the more you keep it moving, the more wealth it creates.
    4. Same challenges today
      1. Richest political cabinet in history, richest congress in history
        1. Increasing disregard, distain, and hostility for anyone who disagrees with them
        2. NOT following the commandments discussed
      2. Could go on for a long time
    5. Job and the Anonymous rich man
      1. Contrast with Job
      2. Not taken literally, but taken seriously
      3. Don’t spiritualize poverty
      4. Not impossible – but requires focus and effort
        1. Regular reminders of compassion and empathy – need for church
      5. Despair of Job – loss of privileged blinders
        1. Wealth, sexism, racism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism,
        2. You will see how easy you’ve had it, and how hard it’s been for others
      6. Call to make the faith the central focus of our life, over ALL else
        1. Reversing the social order
        2. Start in small ways, but continue to grow


Job 23:1-9, 16-17

23 Job answered:

Today my complaint is again bitter;
    my strength is weighed down because of my groaning.
Oh, that I could know how to find God—
    come to his dwelling place;
    I would lay out my case before God,
        fill my mouth with arguments,
    know the words with which he would answer,
        understand what he would say to me.
Would God contend with me through brute force?
    No, he would surely listen to me.
There those who do the right thing can argue with God;
    I could escape from my judge forever.

Look, I go east; he’s not there,
    west, and don’t discover him;
    north in his activity, and I don’t grasp him;
    he turns south, and I don’t see.

16 God has weakened my mind;
    the Almighty has frightened me.
17 Still I’m not annihilated by darkness;
    he has hidden deep darkness from me.


Mark 10:17-31

17 As Jesus continued down the road, a man ran up, knelt before him, and asked, “Good Teacher, what must I do to obtain eternal life?”

18 Jesus replied, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except the one God. 19  You know the commandments: Don’t commit murder. Don’t commit adultery. Don’t steal. Don’t give false testimony. Don’t cheat. Honor your father and mother.”[a]

20 “Teacher,” he responded, “I’ve kept all of these things since I was a boy.”

21 Jesus looked at him carefully and loved him. He said, “You are lacking one thing. Go, sell what you own, and give the money to the poor. Then you will have treasure in heaven. And come, follow me.” 22 But the man was dismayed at this statement and went away saddened, because he had many possessions.

23 Looking around, Jesus said to his disciples, “It will be very hard for the wealthy to enter God’s kingdom!” 24 His words startled the disciples, so Jesus told them again, “Children, it’s difficult to enter God’s kingdom! 25  It’s easier for a camel to squeeze through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter God’s kingdom.”

26 They were shocked even more and said to each other, “Then who can be saved?”

27 Jesus looked at them carefully and said, “It’s impossible with human beings, but not with God. All things are possible for God.”

28 Peter said to him, “Look, we’ve left everything and followed you.”

29 Jesus said, “I assure you that anyone who has left house, brothers, sisters, mother, father, children, or farms because of me and because of the good news 30  will receive one hundred times as much now in this life—houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and farms (with harassment)—and in the coming age, eternal life. 31  But many who are first will be last. And many who are last will be first.”

Listen to the audio version of Pastor Greg’s Sermon below:

October 7 ~ Sermon ~ Pastor Greg Briggs

Sermon, Oct. 7 2018  “Why I hope we aren’t Biblical Literalists and Prooftexters” by Pastor Greg Briggs

  1. Prayer and Introduction
    1. “May the words of my mouth, and the meditations of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight, our rock and redeemer. Amen”
    2. “Why I hope we aren’t Biblical Literalists and Prooftexters”
  2. Mini Sermon series
    1. Job and integrity
    2. Mini sermon series – next 4 weeks
  3. Initial thoughts
    1. Limits of sermons – Better unpacked in study vs. sermon – need to wrestle with the perspectives and concepts
      1. Trying to whet your appetite
    2. One of the most direct attempts in the Bible to address theodicy
      1. “the vindication of the justice of God in the light of humanity’s suffering”
      2. What does it mean to say God is all powerful, all knowing, and all good, and there’s still pain and suffering in the world?
  • A question some of us spend as much time as possible trying to avoid
  1. Ancient folk tale
    1. If I read the Bible literally, the beginning of Job would make me lose my faith
      1. God is gambling with us?
    2. Prologue establishes moral certainty needed for this extended parable\thought experiment
  2. Patience, endurance, Integrity, Wisdom
    1. Asking the question, “are we only good or holy or pious because it benefits us?”
    2. Ha-satan the accuser – Job’s piety is only because he is blessed- take away blessings and he will forsake God
      1. First destroys his possessions and his children
      2. Then afflicts him will bodily injury
    3. Job’s wife
      1. Knows his sinlessness – his devotion, his piety. Seeing
      2. “10 Job said to her, “You’re talking like a foolish woman. Will we receive good from God but not also receive bad?” In all this, Job didn’t sin with his lips.”
    4. His friends (who won’t show up in our Sunday readings. Again, better as a study) look at his downfall as an indication of sin.  Divine punishment
    5. Integrity, like wisdom, is feminine in Hebrew
      1. Wrestles with the inaccessibility of wisdom
    6. the letter of James says “having the patience of Job”
      1. more accurate to translate as endurance or persistence
      2. Job in the story is not patient, calm, quiet. He is assertive, mournful,
    7. Presence of Suffering
      1. in Buddhism –
        1. Essential nature of Suffering – first of four noble truths
      2. In the book of Job, we see underserved suffering exists
        1. But is suffering necessarily punishment?
      3. Essential question of morality and faith
        1. How we treat others,
      4. Integrity revealed in times of distress, or suffering
        1. Endurance and persistence of Job becomes important
          1. Common benchmark, what people are like under duress
        2. “Have you thought about my servant Job, for there is no one like him on earth, a man who is honest, who is of absolute integrity, who reveres God and avoids evil? He still holds on to his integrity, even though you incited me to ruin him for no reason.”
        3. Integrity is lacking these days.
          1. Falling prey to “the ends justify the means” or
          2. Looking out for #1
        4. Are they the basis for our sense of self? Or can we go deeper?
          1. CS Lewis, in the Chronicles of Narnia wrote ““You come of the Lord Adam and the Lady Eve,” said Aslan. “And that is both honour enough to erect the head of the poorest beggar, and shame enough to bow the shoulders of the greatest emperor on earth. Be content.”
          2. We are sinful and blessed
            1. We are children of God, and we are also sinful
            2. So often, when we feel the one, we need to be reminded of the other
          3. What do we do with our blessings, and with our struggles?
          4. Always the temptation to look outside ourselves, and see it in other people, before we look at our allies, our friends, ourselves.
            1. Log in our eye before the speck in the other
          5. Jesus walking with Job
            1. Early Christians talk about Job as prophesying the coming of Christ, but I wonder more about what Jesus would say to Job.
              1. Both in his richness, and in his affliction
            2. Job in his riches
            3. Job in his despair
            4. To suffering
              1. To follow Jesus, our struggles will INCREASE, “Blessed are you when you are persecuted for righteousness’ sake”
              2. Avoidance of suffering is not a good reason to be a Christian
  • Transformation of suffering, redemption of troubles
  1. See this in today’s Gospel lesson in Mark
  1. Today’s reading from Mark picks up directly after last week’s reading
    1. Getting tested by Pharisses
    2. Questioned about divorce
      1. Legal or not?
      2. Jesus First asks what Moses allowed, but then berated the men for having unyielding hearts
  • Jesus transforms the question – from what is legal to what creates the greatest good?
  1. Therefore, humans must not pull apart what God has put together.”
    1. 10 Inside the house, the disciples asked him again about this. 11 He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her; 12 and if a wife divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”
  2. Dangers of proof texting
    1. See, Jesus said no divorce. So, nope!
    2. Different social situations
  • Divorced women would be abandoned by society
    1. Hence the unyielding hearts of the men who divorced them
  1. Back then, to divorce was detrimental to women
  2. Modern divorce is beneficial, if necessary
    1. Abusive relationships
      1. Physical, mental, emotional
    2. Divorce (and by comparison marriage) should not be about making life easier for ourselves
    3. Deeper truths
      1. People are not (just) property
      2. One (though not the only or ideal) way to feel and explore God’s love on earth
  • Connections after divorce persist
  1. If marriage is a religious ritual, why isn’t divorce?
    1. Northern Exposure – had an episode where a minister
    2. UCC “Order for Recognition of the End of a Marriage”
  2. Continuing connections – if partners truly cared about each other
    1. Anecdotal stories of divorcees getting back with one another
    2. Continuing feelings – caring for ex partners of deceased individuals
    3. Mutual ongoing connections
      1. Children
      2. Business
      3. Shared community
    4. Not advocating for re-engagement with past partners or making a religious claim about morals and ethics of marriage and divorce
    5. Recognizing deeper spiritual and emotional connections
      1. Not acting out of selfishness, but should act out of self care
      2. Emotional maturity
  • Don’t know each other, until at least the first big problem
  1. Bringing us back to Job.
  1. Another reminder of God’s kingdom and children
    1. Gospel ends with another reminder to be like children with God
      1. Less forward planning? Less cost\benefit analysis?


Job 1:1, 2:1-10  Common English Bible translation

A man in the land of Uz was named Job. That man was honest, a person of absolute integrity; he feared God and avoided evil.

2 One day the divine beings came to present themselves before the Lord. The Adversary also came among them to present himself before the Lord. The Lord said to the Adversary, “Where have you come from?”

The Adversary answered the Lord, “From wandering throughout the earth.”

The Lord said to the Adversary, “Have you thought about my servant Job, for there is no one like him on earth, a man who is honest, who is of absolute integrity, who reveres God and avoids evil? He still holds on to his integrity, even though you incited me to ruin him for no reason.”

The Adversary responded to the Lord, “Skin for skin—people will give up everything they have in exchange for their lives. But stretch out your hand and strike his bones and flesh. Then he will definitely curse[a] you to your face.”

The Lord answered the Adversary, “There he is—within your power; only preserve his life.”

The Adversary departed from the Lord’s presence and struck Job with severe sores from the sole of his foot to the top of his head. Job took a piece of broken pottery to scratch himself and sat down on a mound of ashes. Job’s wife said to him, “Are you still clinging to your integrity? Curse[b] God, and die.”

10 Job said to her, “You’re talking like a foolish woman. Will we receive good from God but not also receive bad?” In all this, Job didn’t sin with his lips.


Mark 10:2-16 Common English Bible (CEB)

Some Pharisees came and, trying to test him, they asked, “Does the Law allow a man to divorce his wife?”

Jesus answered, “What did Moses command you?”

They said, “Moses allowed a man to write a divorce certificate and to divorce his wife.”

Jesus said to them, “He wrote this commandment for you because of your unyielding hearts. At the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.[a] Because of this, a man should leave his father and mother and be joined together with his wife, and the two will be one flesh.[b] So they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore, humans must not pull apart what God has put together.”

10 Inside the house, the disciples asked him again about this. 11 He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her; 12  and if a wife divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.”

Jesus blesses children

13 People were bringing children to Jesus so that he would bless them. But the disciples scolded them. 14 When Jesus saw this, he grew angry and said to them, “Allow the children to come to me. Don’t forbid them, because God’s kingdom belongs to people like these children. 15  I assure you that whoever doesn’t welcome God’s kingdom like a child will never enter it.” 16 Then he hugged the children and blessed them.

Listen to the audio version of Pastor Greg’s Sermon.